Administrators and instructors often recommend the wrong strategies to students when it comes to developing grit, argues David DeSteno, a professor of psychology at Northeastern University, for the Chronicle of Higher Education.
Many educators teach students that to develop grit, they must learn to suppress their emotions and desire for instant gratification. But asking students to delay gratification by willpower alone simply does not work—especially when students are tired, lonely, anxious, or stressed.
Nearly every college student reports feeling one of the above emotions at some point in their college career, according to research by the American College Health Association. DeSteno points out that efforts to exercise willpower can actually make them worse. On top of that, stress can take a toll on memory and learning ability. Considering all those challenges, it’s no surprise that willpower is ineffective.
Instead, DeSteno recommends teaching students to be more resilient by partnering with other students to achieve goals. Cooperation requires students to share with and invest in others, and fosters the development of good character. Feelings of gratitude, compassion, and pride in one’s own ability encourage students to accept sacrifices of immediate self-interest for the greater, future reward of prosperous interpersonal relationships.
In this way, cooperation shifts the brain into focusing on the future and helps students build a gradual sense of self-control. DeSteno explains, “Working toward long-term goals is no longer a struggle to overcome desires for pleasures in the moment. Rather, future goals, because of the increased value attached to them, simply become more attractive to pursue in their own right.”
To develop grit, DeSteno suggests that educators teach students how to tap into and use these positive emotions rather than simply suppressing negative ones. An emotional learning curriculum centered on harnessing positive emotions not only improves mental health among students, but also teaches them sustainable methods for achieving long term goals and maintaining valuable relationships (DeSteno, Chronicle of Higher Education, 3/18/18).
“Measuring student success” is now a top search query on EAB’s website. It isn’t a huge surprise why: Student success leaders want to link measurable retention gains and GPA improvements to specific interventions and initiatives. They want to know what works and what doesn’t, so they can refine and improve over time. Positive results also…
Learn how colleges help students build resilience
Resilience is one of the most popular topics in higher ed—for students and administrators alike. People with higher resilience tend to be more productive, take fewer sick days, and have lower health care costs. And students with grit are better equipped to manage the stressful situations they may encounter in college. But how does one…
You’ve probably heard of the hardest—and most popular—course in Yale University’s 317-year history. The course, titled Psychology and the Good Life, and its record-breaking enrollment size has made headlines in the New York Times, Quartz, and the Boston Globe. The wildly popular course aims to teach students the secrets of happiness through a combination of…